French, 1838–1917


Charles Emile Auguste Carolus-Duran was the son of a hotel owner. His first drawing lessons were with a local sculptor named Augustin-Phidias Cadet de Beaupré at the Académie de Lille; then took up painting with François Souchon, a student of Jacques Louis David. He went to Paris in 1853, where he adopted the name "Carolus-Duran". In 1859, he had his first exhibition at the Salon. That same year, he began attending the Académie Suisse, where he studied until 1861. One of his early influences was the Realism of Gustave Courbet.

From 1862 to 1866, he travelled to Rome and Spain, thanks to a scholarship granted by his hometown. During that time, he moved away from Courbet's style and became more interested in Diego Vélazquez. Upon returning to France, he was awarded his first gold medal at the Salon.

In 1867, he became one of the nine members of the "Société Japonaise du Jinglar" (a type of wine); a group that included Henri Fantin-Latour, Félix Bracquemond and Marc-Louis Solon. They would meet once a month in Sèvres for a dinner "à la Japonaise".

He married Pauline Croizette, a pastellist and miniaturist who had posed for his painting "The Lady in Gloves" in 1869. They had three children. Their eldest daughter, Marie-Anne, married the playwright Georges Feydeau.

After 1870, he devoted himself almost entirely to portraits. His success allowed him to open a studio on the Boulevard du Montparnasse, where he also gave painting lessons. He was named a Knight in the Légion d'honneur in 1872; being promoted to Officer in 1878, Commander in 1889 and Grand Officer in 1900.

In 1889 and 1900 he served on the juries at the Expositions Universelles. In 1890, he was one of the co-founders of the second Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and he was elected a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1904. The following year, he was appointed Director of the French Academy in Rome, a position he held until 1913.

 Museum Collections:
Allen Art Museum at Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH
Ashmolean Museum at the University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY
Cleveland Museum of Art, OH
Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Harvard University Art Museums, MA
Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, IN
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Louvre Museum, Paris, France
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Japan
North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, NC
Peabody Art Collection, Baltimore, MD
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille, France
Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain

Mark Murray Fine Paintings is a New York gallery specializing in buying and selling 19th century and early 20th century artwork. 

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